Canada operates its federal economic class immigration system using Express Entry.

Express Entry requires candidates to submit a profile, with the highest scoring profiles issued an Invitation to Apply to one of the immigration programs.

Under Express Entry, candidates score Comprehensive Ranking System points for core factors such as age, education, work experience and language ability.

Eligibility criteria for express entry program:
  • Age under 40 years

  • Bachelor's degree in any stream

  • A work experience of minimum 2 years

  • Ability to speak, read and write English

  • A score of 67 points in the Canada's Points based immigration selection system

  • No criminal history

  • Good health


Several of Canada's provinces also operate Express Entry streams, allowing them to tap skilled workers from the pool. A provincial nomination is worth 600 points & effectively guarantees an invitation to apply.

Following are Canada's Provincial Programs:
  • Ontario Immigration

  • Alberta Immigration

  • Manitoba Immigration

  • Newfoundland Immigration

  • Saskatchewan Immigration

  • Quebec Immigration

  • British Columbia Immigration

  • New Brunswick Immigration

  • Nova Scotia Immigration

  • Prince Edward Island Immigration

Criteria for PNP
  • If you do not qualify through a federal economic program, the next step is to consider provincial streams for your application for permanent residence from India.

  • Each one of Canada's provinces runs their own immigration programs, targeting the specific demands of local labour markets.

  • If you have specific skills, there could be a provincial stream waiting to accept you.

  • Quebec has autonomy over its immigration system, with the right to set its own immigration levels and the power to operate its own programs.


Canada also aims to attract entrepreneurs & investors through its business immigration programs, with many applications accepted from India.

Various provincial investment programs encourage the businesses to invest in the economy and settle therein with an investment as low as CA $100,000.

Following are the most popular
business migration routes in Canada:
  • British Columbia Entrepreneur Stream

  • Ontario Entrepreneur Stream

  • Alberta Self Employed Farmer Stream

Criteria to Apply for
British Columbia (B.C.) Entrepreneur Stream:
  • Establish an eligible new business or purchase and improve an existing business in B.C.

  • Investment of a minimum of $200,000 in the new or existing business.

  • Create at least one new full-time job for a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.

  • Net worth of minimum of $600,000.

  • Canadian Language Benchmark Level 4 in English or French in each of the four competencies: listening, speaking, reading and writing.

  • Business and/or management experience.

  • Have, or be eligible for, legal immigration status in Canada.

  • Have been lawfully admitted in the country where you currently reside.

  • Pay a $300 registration fee, $3,500 application fee and $1,000 fee for each key staff application.

Criteria to apply for
Ontario Entrepreneur Stream:
  • At least 24 months of full-time business experience in the last 60 months.

  • Experience as a business owner OR as a senior manager (Business Management).

  • If proposed business located within the GTA, a minimum net worth of $800,000 & a minimum personal investment of $600,000 is required.

  • If proposed business located outside the GTA, a minimum net worth of $400,000 & a minimum personal investment of $200,000 is required.

  • If proposed business is in the Information and Communications Technology (ICT), net worth of $400,000 within and outside the GTA and Investment required is $200,000.

  • Create 2 jobs within GTA and 1 Outside GTA or in ICT.

  • Exploratory visit is required within last 12 months.

  • Language requirement: CLB 4.

  • Buying existing business is allowed with conditions:
    — 60 months old.
    — Retain all employees and add more jobs as per requirement.
    — Application Fees OINP $ 3,500.

Criteria to apply for
Alberta-Self Employed Farmer Stream:
  • Managerial experience with an existing farm enterprise.

  • Education, training and work experience necessary to develop a sustainable farming business in Alberta.

  • A business plan for the farming enterprise to be developed in Alberta.

  • Evidence that a Canadian financial institution is willing to finance the proposed farming enterprise.

  • Minimum of $500,000 of equity to invest in the farming enterprise.

  • Minimum net worth of $500,000 or confirmation of access to these funds.


Candidates in India with family members who are already permanent residents or citizens can apply through Family Class Sponsorship Immigration.

Which family members can be
sponsored for Canada Immigration from India?
  • Spouse

  • Common Law partner

  • Conjugal partner

  • Dependent children

  • Parents

  • Grandparents

  • Brothers or sisters, nephews or nieces, granddaughters or grandsons who are orphaned, under 18 years of age and not married or in a common-law relationship.

  • Another relative of any age or relationship but only under specific conditions.

  • Accompanying relatives of the above (for example, spouse, partner and dependent children).

Requirements to be a sponsor:
  • You must be 18 years of age or older.

  • You and the sponsored relative must sign a sponsorship agreement that commits you to provide financial support for your relative, if necessary. This agreement also says the person becoming a permanent resident will make every effort to support her or himself.

  • You must provide financial support for a spouse, common-law or conjugal partner for three years from the date they become a permanent resident.

  • You must provide financial support for a dependent child for 10 years, or until the child turns 25, whichever comes first.


Most common routes are Intra-Company Transfer and Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

Intra - Company Transfer (ICT):
  • The intra-company category permits international companies to temporarily transfer qualified employees to Canada.

Intra-company transferees may apply for
work permits under the general provision if they:
  • Are currently employed by a multi-national company and seeking entry to work in a parent, a subsidiary, a branch, or an affiliate of that enterprise.

  • Are transferring to an enterprise that has a qualifying relationship with the enterprise in which they are currently employed, and will be undertaking employment at a legitimate and continuing establishment of that company (where 18–24 months can be used as a reasonable minimum guideline).

  • Are being transferred to a position in an executive, senior managerial, or specialized knowledge capacity.

  • Have been employed continuously (via payroll or by contract directly with the company), by the company that plans to transfer them outside Canada in a similar full-time position (not accumulated part-time) for at least one-year in the three-year period immediately preceding the date of initial application.

Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document that an employer in Canada may need to get before hiring a foreign worker. A positive LMIA will show that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job. It will also show that no Canadian worker or permanent resident is available to do the job.

Exemptions to LMIA:
  • Workers Under International Agreements.

  • Spouses of NOC 0, A, B foreign workers with work permit of 6+ months.

  • Workers, their spouses, and dependents eligible for work permit under a pilot project.

  • Workers nominated by a province for PR with job offer.

  • Entrepreneurs and workers transferred within a company (Intra Company Transferees).

  • Academics (Visiting Professors, Guest Lectures, Researchers).

  • Co-op Students.

  • People in exchange programs, including IEC

  • Spouses of full-time (Non-ESL/FSL/General Courses) foreign students (Spouse must not be enrolled in full time studies).

  • Refugee Claimants from non DCO.

  • Religious Workers.


Eligibility to apply for a study permit in Canada:
  • To secure a letter of acceptance from a designated educational institution in Canada recognized by IRCC and Canadian government.

  • To clear your medical exam.

  • Prove that you will leave the country after the study permit expires or apply for a post graduate work permit if eligible.

  • Prove that you have enough funds to cover your first-year tuition fee and living expenses including the return transportation to your home country.

  • The amount required varies by the number of family members.

  • You need to have in your bank account, the tuition fee plus $10,000 for a single student for a 12-month period; $14,000 if you are accompanied by one family member and add $3,000 for each additional family member.