Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories and it is the largest country in entire of North America. Being amongst the largest countries in the world, Canada is extremely immigration friendly and over the years, the policies have become even friendlier.
The education system has always been enticing for students around the globe and if you are going from India, there are certain things you need to know. The first and primary is applying to a Canadian University and once you have done that, you will have to apply for a study permit. If you are planning on moving to Canada, you will find all important aspects of the education system and guides for the completion of the process.
Schools and Education system
In Canada, the school systems differ from each other and it typically depends on the provinces. The schools offer education in both English and French in the majority of the territories and it’s divided between grades 9 to 12. In one of the most popular provinces, Quebec, the high school ends in 11th grade and it is followed by CEGEP, a program to prepare the students for universities.
On completion of school, students can choose to enter university or attend vocational schools. While Vocational schools provide students with certificates and diplomas, if you are attending a university you will earn a Bachelor’s degree. After universities students get the option to continue further with a Master’s or Doctorate degree.
Your life as a student, how it looks
For living in Canada, students have the option of staying either in university-managed housing or go for private accommodation. If you are residing in university-managed housing, you can opt-out for catered or self-catered options. You will be able to enjoy pre-cooked meals in university-managed accommodation at certain costs that come with a guarantee of quality.
On the other hand, if you are looking for private properties, the accommodation office is the right place to start looking. You will get a list of private properties to choose from but you must have a clear understanding of the contractual rights and responsibilities.
Colleges and universities offer a wide array of extra-curricular activities that not only helps you enjoy leisure activities but also offers the fun of outdoor education. Activities like sports, music, drama, literary societies and science are common among most universities. In addition to that, students can enjoy periodic visits to theatres and concerts, museums, galleries, historical sites, scientific companies etc. depending on your course of study.
Eligibility for applying to Canadian Universities
The eligibility criteria vary between study programs and levels. A minimum of 65% in the English language is mandatory for both UG and Master’s programs. If a student scores below 60%, he or she can choose Foundations and Diploma programs but the student must always be over 18 years of age to join a degree program.
The demand for pursuing master’s courses in Canada is extremely popular among international students. STEM or business-related courses are again in popular demand in Canada. If you are planning to get admitted in a master’s program, the minimum GPA requirement is 3 on a scale of 4, which roughly stands at 70%-75%. It is important to remember most of these numbers are for reference purposes and the actual numbers can vary from one university to another.
Exams required for studying in Canada
Types of Language exams
IELTS or International English Language Testing System, TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language, and PTE or Pearson Test of English are the standardized language tests you need to take to get admission into Canadian colleges and universities. Although the exams vary in structure, format, and results, most of the colleges often as for any one of the results. You as a student can decide which exam you wish to take.
Both IELTS and TOEFL can be taken an unlimited number of times but if you are giving TOEFL you cannot give it more than once in 12 day period. For PTE however, you have to receive the results of the previous test in order to book the next test. The PTE exam can also be taken unlimited times.
Fees for the language exams
The standard fee for IELTS is INR 14,000 for each time you are applying. TOEFL and PTE fees are INR 13,630 and 13,300 respectively.
Types of General Exams
GMAT – If you are planning on getting the highest education in the field of business or management, you will have to take the Graduate Management Aptitude Test(GMAT).
GRE – For students applying to graduate schools to pursue MA or MS, the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) test is what you need to take. In recent times, even business schools are accepting GRE scores for MBA aspirants.
LSAT – LSAT or Law School Admission Test is a standardized test if you are looking to apply in a law school. Through this exam, universities and colleges measure your reading and verbal reasoning skills.
SAT – This exam is for measuring the literacy and writing skills required by a student for academic success in a college. The Scholastic Assessment Test analyzes a student’s problem-solving skills and is mostly taken by high school students who are willing to take up undergraduate courses.
Fees for the general exams – If you are giving the GMAT, the cost of each exam is INR 18,490. For GRE its INR 15,693, and for LSAT it is INR 4,484.
Cost of studying
The cost of education in Canada depends largely on the universities you are studying in, the courses you are taking, and the city you are living in. On average, the tuition expense comes to around INR 19.65 lakhs per year for an undergraduate program. However, if you are going for postgraduate programs, you will have to pay around INR 11.32 lakhs per year approximately.
In addition to this, a student will have to bear the living expenses along with health insurance for living in Canada.
If you are all ready to pursue your dream education in a country like Canada, it’s an extremely easy and seamless process. Students can also apply for Scholarships and Loans to complete their education. Overall, the process of applying and securing admission is hassle-free and effortless.
Your dream education can be a reality if you go through the steps properly and maintain a strong academic record throughout the steps.